Passed in 1972 as part of the Education Amendments Act, Title IX requires gender equity for women and men in every educational program that requires federal funding.
"No person in the United Sates shall, on basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subject to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance"
Title IX has 10 key areas, which includes athletics. Per athletics, men & women's programs must satisfy requirements:
Participation: Women & men are to have equal opportunity to play sports
Scholarships: Male & female students receive scholarships proportional to their participation
Other benefits: Equal treatment of female & female student athlete provisions. This includes equipment & supplies, scheduling of games & practice times, travel & daily allowances, tutoring access, coaching, locker rooms, practice & competitive facilities, medical & training facilities, housing & dining services, publicity and promotions & student athlete recruitment.
Before Title IX was established, tennis & golf were the only established women's professional sports.
A study researching the long term health affects of women from Title Ix found that the increase of girls' participation in sports was associated with a 7% lower risk of obesity.
2.9 million girls play high school sports
Before Title IX, 2% of women participated in college sports